Next exam current affairs pdf today free download- 4 april 2023

Next exam current affairs pdf today free download- 4 april 2023

(Governance, constitution, polity, social justice, and international affairs)

This news is mainly important for GS Paper 1 and 2, the given pdf covers the major points you will be having on it. You can get its complete information in PDF very well.

1- Russia became the President of UNSC

Russia has taken the presidency of the UN Security Council despite Ukraine urging members to block the move.

Each of the council’s 15 members takes up the presidency for a month, on a rotating pattern.

The last time Russia had the presidency, February 2022, it launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine.

It means the Security Council is being led by a country whose president is subject to an international arrest warrant for alleged war crimes.

The International Criminal Court – which is not a UN institution issued the warrant for Vladimir Putin last month.

Despite Ukraine’s complaints, the United States said it could not block Russia – a permanent council member – from assuming the presidency.
The role is mostly procedural, but Moscow’s ambassador to the UN, Vasily Nebenzia, told the Russian Tass news
agency that he planned to oversee several debates, including one on arms control.

Russia can be thrown out of such UN Security Council

  1. Should the United Nations General Assembly propose Russia to be removed from the UN or the UNSC?
    Russia, being a non-permanent member of the Senate, stalled this promotion by rigging it. In such
    The General Assembly should bring this award again and the award should be supported by two supporting members. Russia may be expelled from the Security Council.
  2. The matter may be referred to the International Court of Justice. and international Corot tells the news that the fourth member of the Security Council went to war because of the UN Charter. teases that its membership in the UN is invalid, when Russia is declared invalid Sucks.
  3. On the basis of the kit of Ukraine, the subscription of the Sikh Raft of Russia’s membership may begin. Ukraine has to say that Russia did not create the successor state of the Soviet Union.

2- Nato Open to ties with india

A leading U.S. The official has said the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is “open” to deepening ties with India. Speaking at a virtual press briefing on Friday, Ambassador Julianne Smith, U.S. envoy to NATO, said Russia should withdraw from Ukraine and that NATO is watching China-Russia relation in the backdrop of Russia’s continued military operation in Ukraine.

“NATO’s door is open to more cooperation if India seeks that. NATO is more than happy to sit down with India anytime,” said Ambassador Smith confirming that officials of NATO held “informal” exchanges with Indian counterparts on the sidelines of the recently held Raisina Dialogue in Delhi.

What is the significance of India’s talks with NATO?

  • NATO’s engagement with Pakistan and China: India’s talks with NATO hold significance given that the North Atlantic alliance has been engaging both China and Pakistan in bilateral dialogue.
  • NATO opened selective training for Pakistani officers and its military The delegation visited Pakistan in November 2019 for military staff talks.
  • Balance in NATO’s perception: Engaging NATO in a political dialogue
    would provide India with an opportunity to bring about a balance in NATO’s perceptions about the situation in regions and issues of concern to India.
  • Common ground: There is a convergence in the perspectives of both India and NATO on China, terrorism, and Afghanistan, including Pakistan’s role in Afghanistan, sources said.
  • Maritime security: It is a main area of conversation in the future, given a substantial common ground with NATO.

China challenges NATO and Beijing’s closer ties to Moscow are against western interests, the military alliance said as they recognized the systemic competition they face from the world’s second-largest economy

“The People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) stated ambitions and coercive policies challenge our interests, security and values. The PRC employs a broad range of political, economic and military tools to increase its global footprint and project power, while remaining opaque about its strategy, intentions and military build-up,” NATO’s strategic concept published at a summit in Madrid said.

“The deepening strategic partnership between the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation and their mutually reinforcing attempts to undercut the rules-based international order run counter to our values and interests,” the statement added.

Adding India as the sixth country to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) plus would move New Delhi towards a Defense Security alignment with the United States,” said American Congressman Ro Khanna.

In an exclusive interview with ANI, Khanna said that NATO Allies get quick approval on defense agreements and further said that the US has the same agreement with Australia, Japan New Zealand, Israel and South Korea.

3- 170 sexy no plastic particles are present

170 trillion plastic particles are currently afloat in the oceans across the world, about 2 million metric tons according to a news study, which added that if no urgent action is taken then this number could nearly triple by 2040.

Details of the study

Name: ‘A growingplastic smog, nowestimatedtobeover 170 trillionplastic particlesafloat in the world’s oceans — Urgent solutions required’, done by researchers from5 Gyres Institute, Win Cowger of Moore Institute for Plastic Pollution Research and Stockholm ResilienceCentre.

  • In 2014, it was estimated that there were 5 trillion plastic particles in the ocean.
  • From 1990 to 2005, the number of plastic particles more or less fluctuated.
  • One of the reasons for this could be due to the effective implementation of important policy measures at the time.
  • In the 1980s and 90s, there were some international policies, like MARPOL Annex 5 that enforced laws against dumping trash at sea. They were powerful laws that were enforceable and were preventive.

Global Partnership on Plastic Pollution and Marine Litter (GPML)

The Global Partnership on Plastic Pollution and Marine Litter (GPML) was launched at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) in June 2012 in response to a request set out in the Manila Declaration on Furthering the Implementation of the Global Program of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities

The “Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter 1972”, the “London Convention” for short, is one of the first global conventions to protect the marine environment from human activities and has been enforced since 1975

what are microplastics

Plastic debris is found in the environment in a very wide range of sizes.

  • Researchers first reported finding tiny beads and fragments of plastic, especially polystyrene, in the ocean in the early 1970s.
  • The term ‘microplastics’ was introduced in the mid-2000s.
  • Today, it is used extensively to describe plastic particles with an upper size limit of 5 mm.

Initiatives taken to deal with microplastics

Global Initiatives:

  1. Global Partnership on Marine Litter (GPML)
  2. GloLitter Partnerships Project
  3. London Convention, 1972

Specific objectives include: the application of the ‘3Rs’ principle (reduce, reuse, recycle)

India-Specific Initiatives:

  • Elimination of Single Use Plastic
  • Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016 , 2018
  • Un-Plastic Collective

4- Indian Solar Photovoltaic Upsurge Problem

In recent years, policymakers in India have made a significant effort to move towards a circular economy and facilitate efficient wastemanagement. However, the solar photovoltaic (PV) industry still lacks clear guidelines for waste management.

Solar PV Waste in India

  • India has the fourth largest largest deployment of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems globally with an installed capacity of about62 GWas of November 2022. However, it means that there is a huge amount of potential solar photovoltaics in the future.
  • According to a report by the International Renewable Energy Agency in 2016, India could generate anywhere between 50,000 and 325,000 tonnes of photovoltaic waste by 2030 and the number could exceed four million tonnes by 2050.
  • With the rapid installation of photovoltaic panels across the country, India is projected to produce large quantities of photovoltaic waste in the next two decades, potentially making it one of the top five photovoltaic waste producers in the world by 2050.

Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Technology in India

  • The major technology used for solar PV installations in India is crystallinesilicon (C-C).
  • A typical PV panel inIndiaismadeof 93% C-C moduleand7% cadmiumtelluride thin-filmmodule.

How is solar PV waste generated?

  • As solar panels reach the end of their lifespan, some components of their frames are extracted and sold as scrap, while the junctions and cables are recycled according to toe-waste guidelines.
  • The glass layer is partially recycled and the rest is usually disposed of as To install generalwaste.
  • Silicon and silver can be recovered by incinerating the modules in cement kilns, which have been found to be recoverable at about 50% of the total materials.

5- What is SNAP- 10A nuclear reactor in space?

Launched on April 3, 1965, SNAP-10A was the world’s first operational nuclear reactor in space.

While it still remains in orbit, it was operational for just 43 days.

nuclear reactor in earth orbit

  • TheU.S.’ first and only known spacenuclear reactor, theSNAP-10A was the result of the government-sponsored System for Nuclear Auxiliary Power (SNAP) program, also knowns SNAPSHOT for Space Nuclear Auxiliary PowerShot.
  • The SNAP reactors had liquid sodium-potassium alloy as the coolant. A thermoelectric enriched uranium fuel with zirconium hydride as a moderator converter was used to directly convert heat from thereactor into electricity.
  • Russia has sent quite a few of them, including one that crashed and scattered radioactive debris over Canada in 1978.


Remembering the world’s first nuclear reactor to operate in space, SNAP- 10A on 3 April.

  • SNAP-10 Awas the world’s first operational nuclear reactor in space.
  • SNAP-10Awas launched on April 3, 1965 by theU.S.
  • While it still remains in orbit, it was operational for just 43 days.
  • SNAP-10A was built as a result of the System For Nuclear Auxiliary Power (SNAP) program or SNAPSHOT for Space Nuclear Auxiliary PowerShot.

The objective of this programme was to develop compact, lightweight, reliable atomic devices that could
then be employed in space, sea, andland.

Mission aborted due to security

TheSNAP-10A was launched on April 3, 1965 on anAtlas-AgenaD rocket from Vandenberg AirForceBase. A perfect launch meant that the SNAPSHOT spacecraft was placed in a polar orbit.

  • The startup order was remotely initiated3.5 hours into the flight and within six hours, the actor achieved-orbitcriticality (thestateinwhichnuclearchainreactions are self-sustaining).
  • After 200 hours of reactor operations, it was set to autonomous operation at full power, producingmore than 600 watts of electrical power.

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Gk Current Affairs Questions and Answer

Q-1:- Who becomes the most followed person on Twitter after surpassing Barack Obama?

a) Elon Musk
b) Cristiano Ronaldo
c) Narendra Modi
d) Katy Perry

Ans- a) Elon Musk

Q-2:- PM Modi flags off Vande Bharat Express train between Bhopal and New Delhi at which of the folloeing Railway Station?

a) Rani Kamlapati
b) Habibganj
c) Bairagarh
d) Sukhisewania

Ans– a) Rani Kamlapati

Q-3:- According to the CMIE data, India’s unemployment rate rose to a three-month high of what per cent in March?

a) 7.8%
b) 7.9%
c) 8.1%
d) 8.2%

Ans– a) 7.8%

Q-4:- Agri exports show what percent rise during Apr 22 – Jan 23 over the corresponding period of the previous FY?

a) 6.04 percent
b) 6.05 percent
c) 6.06 percent
d) 6.07 percent

Ans– a) 6.04 percent

Q-5:- Ministry of Defence inks how many crore(RS) deal with BrahMos Aerospace, recently?

a) 1,700 crore
b) 1,800 crore
c) 1,900 crore
d) 2,000 crore

Ans– a) 1,700 crore

Q-6:- Recently, which department of India Post launches WhatsApp Banking Services?

a) India Post Payments Bank
b) India Post Card
c) Aadhaar Updation
d) International Air Parcels

Ans– a) India Post Payments Bank

Q-7:- Which edition of the Indian – Sri Lanka Bilateral Maritime exercise SLINEX-2023 to take place in Colombo?

a) 10th
b) 11th
c) 12th
d) 13th

Ans– a) 10th

Q-8:- Who is assumes Charge As Vice Chief Of The Naval Staff?

a) Sanjay Jasjit Singh
b) Sanjay Jit Singh
c) Sanjay Jasprit Singh
d) Sanjay Jagjivan Singh

Ans– a) Sanjay Jasjit Singh

Q-9 :- Recently, which online platform ties up with NITI Aayog’s WEP to support women entrepreneurs?

a) BharatPe
b) PhonePe
c) GooglePay
d) None of these

Ans– a) BharatPe

Q-10 :- Who wins 20th(Chess) edition of New Delhi Open?

a) Aravind Chithambaram
b)Vidit Gujrathi
c) Pentala Harikrishna
d) Rameshbabu Praggnanandhaa

Ans– a) Aravind Chithambaram

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